Olive harvest by shaking down.
Playing a glass of Mycenae
sixth century C.


Greek Vases decorated for
oil transport

Oil Mill Engraving. eighteenth Century

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  HISTORY OF OIL

The use of vegetable oils in both culinary and religious use, accompanied mankind since time immemorial, from the first plantations that were conducted in the area from Syria to Canaan V centuries BC although aware of the use of the olive tree in the Upper Paleolithic, ie 12,000 years BC The origin of the olive oil production is on the shores of the Levant, ie in the area now known as Syria, Lebanon and Israel, where he started wild olive oil extracted without the olive cultivation reached so systematic. It was in Egypt, in the year MM, BC, where olive growing startup if only for cosmetic purposes, as it has been found in the burial chambers, where they are presented vases and amphorae with olive oil. Olive production not get to the Greeks, if not until the middle of the second century BC, through the conquest of Crete and Mycenaean, is back in the `Hellenic civilization where olive oil had a very important role. It is at the time of the Greek expansion around the seventh century BC, when the Greeks took the exploitation of oil to Italy. The Phoenicians the great trading people of ancient Mediterranean olive cultivation led to the southern coasts of the Iberian peninsula, present Andalusia, was the eleventh century BC, turning the land into a major oil production areas olive. It is with Rome, when olive oil reaches the confines of the Empire, with the Andalusia (Andalucía) the main center of oil production during the centuries of the Empire. Sample the glory of which he was one of the richest and most fertile provinces of the Roman Empire, is an artificial hill of 250 meters by 150 meters at its base and over 150 meters high formed by the remains of millions of amphorae olive oil thrown on him, for nearly 300 years, from the time of Augustus until the middle of the third century, where over 90% are amphorae, Betic, ie Andalusia.

 

Dressel 20 amphora type, used for export of olive oil in Andalusia in the third and second centuries to C.
Panathenaic amphora dating from 500 to C
.
Grindstone of a mill
Muela montana in the mill mill